Also, protein synthesis in eukaryotesinvolves more protein and is a more intricate process than inprokaryotes what is the difference between protein synthesis and dna replication well, literally, dna replication is dna copying itself, and protein synthesis is producing protein molecules according to the dna sequences. The g1 phase of eukaryotic cell cycle is part of interphase, which is when the cell is replicating its dna ready for division to understand the need for intense protein synthesis, we first need to understand how dna is organised during mitosis. Messenger rna, carries the code for making protein to ribosomes, the bridge between the ribosomes outside the nucleus and the dna in the nucleus trna function: transfer rna, carries amino acids to the ribosome.
The rate of rna synthesis decreased during prophase and reached a low of 13 to 16 per cent of the average interphase rate during metaphase-anaphase protein synthesis in the hamster cells showed a 42 per cent increase during prophase with a subsequent return to the average interphase value during metaphase-anaphase. Gap 1 stage of interphase where the cell is undergoing protein synthesis for growth s-phase of interphase is when dna replicates itself for the new cell, dna double helix becomes two dna helix's in the form of a chromosome.
The phase of a cell's life where it is involved in normal cell metabolism while it is growing involves a large stage of protein synthesis- g1 (gap 1) phase, a smaller stage of dna replication-s phase, and a final stage of duplicating new organelles for the new cell called g2 phase. (1) to continue cell cycle and enter s phase (2) stop cell cycle and enter g 0 phase for undergoing differentiation (3) get arrested in g 1 phase hence it may enter g 0 phase or re-enter cell cycle the deciding factor is availability of nutrients and storage of energy rich compounds at the deciding point called check point (restriction point.
During this active synthesis of rna and protein takes place s-phase : (synthesis phase) the period of dna synthesis or replication g2-phase : the synthesis of rna and protein takes place cell prepares itself to go into the mitotic phase here, synthesis of energy-rich compounds that provide energy for mitosis also takes place 2 m-phase: (mitosis phase) the actual cell division occurs. G2-phase : the synthesis of rna and protein takes place cell prepares itself to go into the mitotic phase cell prepares itself to go into the mitotic phase here, synthesis of energy-rich compounds that provide energy for mitosis also takes place.
Mitosis is the nuclear division of cells and cytokinesis it produces two identical daughter cells protein synthesis is what is known as the central dogma of biology. The processes of mitosis and meiosis are similar mitosis goes though pmat and meiosis goes through and find this pin and more on science: biology: genetics, meiosis, mitosis, protein synthesis by christina b definitely needed this for biology. The cell cycle consists of four distinct phases: g 1 phase, s phase (synthesis), g 2 phase (collectively known as interphase) and m phase (mitosis or meiosis) m phase is itself composed of two tightly coupled processes: karyokinesis, in which the cell's chromosomes are divided, and cytokinesis , in which the cell's cytoplasm divides forming two daughter cells.
In mitosis cells replicate their dna which results in the organism dividing itself into two separate cells altogether in protein synthesis the cell uses rna and ribosomes to create new cells. Mitosis or m phase: cell growth and protein production stop at this stage in the cell cycle all of the cell's energy is focused on the complex and orderly division into two similar daughter cells all of the cell's energy is focused on the complex and orderly division into two similar daughter cells.